Cervical cancer is one of the commonest cancers and the second leading cause of death in women recently.According to the World Health Organization (WHO) 2014 report, new cases of cervical cancer will double before the end of 2017 if something urgent is not done to curtail it.
The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) in the human female reproductive system. The cancer starts with disorders abnormal growth of the cells of the cervix. These abnormal cells then turn into cancer and the change normally takes between 10 and 15 years.
The main cause of cervical cancer is persistent infection with genital Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Genital HPV is a virus that is spread by sexual intercourse. There are many different types of HPV –up to 150. The more sexual intercourse one has, the chances of one being exposed to this dreaded disease.
Please note that HPV is not a sign of unfaithfulness. You may have had HPV for many years before it shows up. Anyone who has ever had sex is at risk of acquiring HPV.
Also, women who had transplanted organs, women on steroid medications and on chemotherapy are also at risk of cervical cancer.
To prevent cervical cancer, it is important for women to limit the number of sex partners they have. Staying with one faithful sex partner is the ideal way to prevent it.
Keeping a healthy diet and lifestyle is important.
Mothers should also ensure that their girl child is vaccinated with HPV vaccine from age 9 years.